Küçük şirketler ABD'nin gerisinde kalıyor

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Küçük şirketler ABD'nin gerisinde kalıyor

Küçük ölçekli şirketlerin ABD'nin büyümesi üzerindeki etkisinin azaldığına dikkat çeken Citigroup Inc.'in ekonomistlerine göre, küçük şirketler toparlanmadaki eksik halka olmayı sürdürecek.Citigroup'un araştırmasına göre 500 kişinin altında çalışanı olan şirketlerinA  toplam istihdamdaki payı 2008'deki resesyonda ilk kez yüzde 50'nin altına geriledi ve o noktadan sonra çok fazla ilerleme de kaydetmedi. Küçük ölçekli şirketlerin gayrisafi yurtiçi hasıladaki payı yüzde 50'lere yaklaşmasının ardından 2001'de düşüşe başladı ve 2008'de yüzde 45'lere kadar geriledi.Büyük şirketlerdeki güven kazançlarının aksine, küçük ölçekli şirketlerin beklentileri resesyonist seviyelerde kalarak, küreselleşme ve yerel bankaların konsolidasyonuyla azalan kredilerin arz ettiği zorlukları yansıttı. Bu durum, dünyanın en büyük ekonomisinin, innovasyon yoluyla büyüme ve üretimin desteklenmesine yardımcı olan küçük ölçekli şirketlerin desteğini kaybedeceği anlamına geliyor.Küçük ölçekli şirketlerin uzun zaman baskı altında olmayı sürdüreceğini söyleyen Citigroup'un uluslararası ekonomi küresel başkanı Nathan Sheets, küresel çapta rekabetin, dağıtım, iletişim ve ulaşım kanalları kurmak anlamına geldiğini, bunun da büyük şirketler için daha kolay olduğunu belirtti.

Source: Küçük şirketler ABD'nin gerisinde kalıyor
 

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Petrol haftalık yükselişe ilerliyor

Petrol haftalık yükselişe ilerliyor

Batı Teksas (WTI) türü ham petrol, doların değer kaybetmesi ve stokların büyük bir sevkiyat bölgesinde düşmesi üzerine üst üste 2. haftalık kazancına doğru ilerliyor.WTI enflasyon rakamlarının açıklanmasıyla beraber doların euro karşısında üst üste 2. gün gerilemesinden destek bularak yüzde 0.9'lara varan artışlar yaşadı. Önemli bir sevkiyat noktası olan Cushing, Oklahoma'da stoklar geçtiğimiz hafta Aralık ayından bu yana en düşük seviyeye geriledi. Petrol vadelileri yükselişlerini tüketici güveninin beklenmedik şekilde düştüğünü gösteren veriler üzerine kısmen sildi.Chicago merkezli Iitrader.com kıdemli piyasa stratejisti Bill Baruch, "WTI bir süredir güçlü duruyor ve Brent-WTI farkı çok hareketli. Bir döviz işlemiymiş gibi görünüyor. Tüketici güven verileri ve hisseler petrolün üzerinde baskı yaratıyor" ifadelerini kullandı.Nisan vadeli WTI petrolün varil fiyatı New York saatiyle 12:32'de 23 cent artarak 93.26 dolar oldu. Fiyatlar bu hafta genelinde yüzde 1.6 yukarıda seyrediyor. Toplam işlem hacmiyse bu raporun yazıldığı sırada 100 günlük ortalamanın yüzde 1.5 üzerinde gerçekleşti.Mayıs vadeli Brent petrolün varili ise 79 cent değer kazanarak Londra merkezli ICE Futures Europe'da 109.75 dolardan işlem gördü. İşlem hacmi 100 günlük ortalamanın yüzde 5.8 altında kaldı.

Source: Petrol haftalık yükselişe ilerliyor
 

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Obesity Crisis May Be Fueling Big Jump in Sleep Apnea Cases

Obesity Crisis May Be Fueling Big Jump in Sleep Apnea Cases

By Randy DotingaHealthDay Reporter


Latest Sleep News


FDA: Lower Ambien's Dose to Prevent Drowsy Driving
Yet Another Reason to Avoid Fatty Foods: Fatigue
Obesity Crisis Fueling Big Jump in Sleep Apnea
ER Visits Tied to Ambien on the Rise
Study Puts New Spin on 'Sound Sleep'
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FRIDAY, May 10 (HealthDay News) -- The widening American waistline may be feeding an epidemic of sleep apnea, potentially robbing millions of people of a good night's rest, a new study suggests.
The research didn't definitively link the rise in obesity to sleep apnea, and it only looked at 1,520 people, almost all white, in Wisconsin. But study author Paul Peppard believes the findings show a big spike in sleep apnea cases over the past two decades -- as much as 55 percent -- and may translate to the entire United States.
"There are probably 4 million to 5 million people who are more likely to have sleep apnea due to the obesity epidemic," estimated Peppard, an assistant professor of population health sciences at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "It's certainly an uncalculated cost of the obesity epidemic, an epidemic of its own."
The researchers looked at adults aged 30 to 70 who were monitored as they slept. About 600 to 700 underwent sleep tests between 1988 and 1994, with some continuing to take part along with hundreds of new participants from 2007 to 2010.
The study considered the participants to have moderate-to-severe breathing problems if they had trouble breathing 15 or more times an hour while sleeping.
Sleep apnea is the main cause of breathing problems during sleep. People with the condition often have trouble staying in deep sleep because their throats close, blocking their airways and requiring them to partially awaken to start breathing properly. They don't realize they're waking up and may become very sleepy during the day.
Besides sleepiness, sleep apnea can contribute to heart and other health problems if untreated and increase the risk of work- and driving-related accidents, according to the U.S. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute.
The researchers extrapolated their findings to the entire United States and estimated that 10 percent of men aged 30 to 49 currently have symptoms of sleep apnea. The study estimates the number is 17 percent of men aged 50 to 70. For women, the estimate is 3 percent among those aged 30 to 49 and 9 percent among women aged 50 to 70.
Among all groups, heavier people were much more likely than thinner people to suffer from the symptoms.
The study estimates that these numbers have gone up by 14 percent to 55 percent from 1988-1994 to 2007-2010. Peppard estimated that 80 percent to 90 percent of the increase in symptoms is due to the growth in obesity.
But it's hard to know for sure how much of a role that obesity plays in causing more symptoms. While obesity is "almost certainly the biggest factor" in causing sleep apnea, Peppard said, "there's long list of things that cause sleep apnea or are related to sleep apnea, like being older, being male, having a narrower upper airway, having a genetic predisposition to it..."
What to do? If you don't feel rested after sleeping, Peppard said, talk to your doctor.
The good news is that sleep apnea is treatable. One treatment, known as continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP), is a machine that blows air into the throat to keep it open while people sleep. "It's very effective, but some people don't like to use it," Peppard said.
There's another option that will help in many cases, he said: Weight loss.
Joyce Walsleben, an associate professor of medicine at New York University who studies sleep problems, agreed. "Obesity has to be addressed and controlled," said Walsleben. "That is a message for doctors and patients."
Although the study tied obesity to higher risk of having sleep apnea, it did not establish a cause-and-effect relationship.
The study appeared online recently in the American Journal of Epidemiology.
Copyright A© 2013 HealthDay. All rights reserved.
SOURCES: Paul Peppard, Ph.D., assistant professor, population health sciences, University of Wisconsin-Madison; Joyce Walsleben, R.N., Ph.D., associate professor, medicine, New York University School of Medicine, New York City; April 14, 2013, American Journal of Epidemiology

Source: Obesity Crisis May Be Fueling Big Jump in Sleep Apnea Cases
 

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World's worst cab drivers ... really?

World's worst cab drivers ... really?

Rudest taxi drivers on the planet? Let's give that one a Gallic shrug.



Study published into world's rudest taxi drivers
British take offense at continental neighbors
A London black-cab driver tells all
And what of Hong Kong cabbies? And the New York versionhj?



(CNN) -- Who hasn't left a strange airport wondering not just whether you should be in this taxi but whether it even is one -- only to be charmed, amused or unexpectedly edified by the person by the wheel.
Or, it's true, bored to death, humiliated or even ripped off.
Now an outfit called Airporttransfers.co.uk has released one of those surveys that travel editors have to deal with all the time and that are really all about getting outfits like Airporttransfers.co.uk more attention but that nonetheless occasionally hit upon a juicy topic.
Like this one. The above-named online booking service (that's enough publicity, OK) has surveyed 2,162 recent British vacationers about which they consider to be the meanest, nastiest, take-the-longest-route-and-still-expect-a-tip taxi drivers on the planet.
Zut alors!
And get outta ze cab! It's the French.
But -- and here we perform some fabulously expressive gesticulation whose meaning is "leave my hired vehicle immediately" -- it's also the Italians.
That's right: the two European nations have drawn up level at the traffic lights and been judged equally extremely rude.
But for every offensive action, let's assume there's an equal and opposite reaction -- which brings us to Greece.
The nation may be collectively barely able to afford a downtown cab fare but some of its taxi drivers, on the island of Rhodes, were judged among the friendliest on the planet.
Infectious attitude
The news comes hot on the heels of findings that people on another Greek isle, Ikaria, are among the longest-lived on Earth.
Diet apparently has a lot to do with it but so, too, does their famously laidback attitude -- something, we suspect, that might also have infected those Rhodes cabbies.
But let's return to those British vacationers. Could it be that their collective offence-taking at the cab-driving Jean-Pierres and Patrizias of this world comes from the famous reluctance of the French and Italians to speak English just because the British do?
We at CNN Travel have found that a word or two attempted in the local lingo can turn even the most sneering inhabitant of these two giant European countries into someone far more recognizably human. Yes, even French and Italian cabbies.



"Best storytellers" ... NYC cabbies

Rides worldwide
To broaden the field a bit, what do non-Brits think of cab drivers worldwide? Asking around our unsurprisingly well-traveled staff produced some passionate responses.
Andrew Demaria, editor in chief, reports fascinating news of Tokyo cabbies: "They wear suits, white gloves and put doilies and plastic covers on all upholstery."
But they are easily inflamed.
"Don't touch the door!" he warns. "That's for the driver to operate in your first moment of ultra-impressive service."
"Hong Kong taxi drivers can be mean and whiny if you're not going far or stuck in a lucrative traffic jam," says associate producer -- and local -- Maggie Wong.
"And, as second-jobbing small businessmen, they all have multiple mobile phones on the dash, so forget about small talk."
Read more: World's best taxis
Top story-tellers
Next to London's beetle-shaped black cruisers, New York yellow cabs must be the most recognizable in the world. We'd expect New York cabbies to be sassy -- but rude?
"Are you rude to them?" parries Payal Dixit, an upper west side NYC resident in her early 30s who works in cancer research.
"I've found that New York cab drivers are some of the best story tellers -- a simple 'Hello' can get them going.
"Some don't want to be bothered but most enjoy sharing their adventures, whether it be about celebrity passengers or their lives in a foreign country you dream of visiting."



Now, we bet he'd have reason to be cranky ...

View from the front
Dixit raises a good point. What's the view from the front seat?
We hail down Steve McNamara, general secretary of the British Licensed Taxi Drivers' Association, himself behind the wheel of a London cab for 30 years. (Another, global survey, it should be said, has consistently rated London's legendary black taxis the best in the world.)
"You know, 99 percent of people are as nice as pie," McNamara says. "Cab-driving restores your faith in humanity."
"It can be trying when people say, 'I'm staying at the hotel with the green door.' Don't you know there are 8,000 hotels in London?
"And you get obnoxious people who've been drinking -- but that's not as common as you might think.
"The 1 percent -- the loonies -- can be rightwing, leftwing, Christian or Muslim.
"Drivers always say, put 'em all together in an island in the Atlantic!"
Pull up here
Now we're getting out -- and it's over to you.
Shoot us some telling tales, please, of when you've been charmed, amused or unexpectedly edified by the person by the wheel.
Or bored to death, humiliated or even ripped off.

Source: World's worst cab drivers ... really?
 
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